<- Home <- Arhive <- Vol. 24, Issue 1, March 2016

Rom J Leg Med24(1)28-38(2016)
© Romanian Society of Legal Medicine

Uniqueness of the palatine folds – A family based forensic ortho dental study

C. L. Stefanescu, M. F. Popa, L. S. Candea

Abstract: Through this study, we aim to demonstrate the importance of palatine folds’ uniqueness in forensic dental identification. We followed the family tree and we made models for the father, mother, child and sometimes grandparents. We conducted a study on 38 subjects of Romanian nationality, dentate and edentulous, aged between 9 and 83 years, 18 male and 20 female, belonging to 11 families living both in urban and rural areas. Preliminary imprinting was done with alginate, by selecting for the experimental stage models we have numbered and marked with age, gender and initials of the patient. We conducted the analysis after marking the palate folds with a soft graphite pencil, thus aiming to highlight morphological characteristics: total supplications, folds length, form of folds, unification of the folds, the direction and individual characteristics of each model. In light of these results, we concluded that palate folds are different from individual to individual; they are also unique and permanent. The study supports the hypothesis that palate folds are unique and we can achieve identification by comparing them. Palatine folds can be used as an additional tool with dentition to determine a person's identity.
Keywords: palatine folds, family lineage, forensic identification, odontostomatology, uniqueness.

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