<- Home <- Arhive <- Vol. 25, Issue 2, June 2017

Rom J Leg Med25(2)221-226(2017)
© Romanian Society of Legal Medicine

Bioethical aspects regarding filiation as a result of artificial fecundation

M. M. Mihăilă,

Abstract: The remarkable scientific advances in human genetics embodied in what we shall define as artificial or assisted procreation provide an alternative to the frustrating situation of not having children. The medical solution culminated with what scientists called the triumph of technology over nature: in vitro pregnancy. Because science evolves faster than the law, the development of the abovementioned methods and techniques reveal a wide range of legal possibilities and problems regarding the status of the embryo, as well as the legitimacy of the techniques used. Moreover, the development of medical practices in the field, coupled with the socio-legal incongruities, generated a number of issues concerning reproductive responsibility. All these required the emergence of a bioethical legal framework, which, with all the imperfections inherent in any beginning, highlights the sensitive issue of human rights, namely the „best” interests and rights of the child. Practically, bioethics offers some points of connection between the biomedical sciences and the law while establishing rules regarding donor anonymity, the prior consent of the sterile couple, and the impossibility of challenging artificial filiation.
Keywords: bioethics, assisted procreation, reproductive responsibility, filiation.

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